In order to reduce scar formations, proper wound care is important. Large wounds should be cared for by a healthcare professional.

Smaller wounds which do not require formal medical care should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Antibiotic ointment can be used to keep the healing wound moist and prevent infection. It is best to keep wounds covered initially to protect them from bacteria. Keeping the wound moist and covered will speed up the healing process and also reduce itch, which in turn, reduces the likelihood of scratching and reopening the healing wound.


Scars can take up to eighteen months to fully heal and reach their final strength. There are a number of steps recommended in order to stimulate effective healing and thus minimize the final appearance of the scar:

Wear sunscreen: Sun protection is vital for minimizing a scar and preventing hyperpigmentation. A high SPF should be applied to the scar as ultraviolet light disrupts cell reorganization and impedes scar contraction.

Moisturize: Keep the scar and surrounding skin moisturized as it heals. Apply a moisturizing treatment two or more times daily by massaging it into the scar, rather than lightly applying the ointment onto the surface of the scar.

Apply silicon gel sheeting: Applying a sheet of silicone gel on a scar every day may help it fade or keep it from getting worse.